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No indigenous state in medieval India figured so prominently and played so valiant a role in resisting the aggressive invasions as the Rajput kingdom of Mewar. The Maharanas as custodians ruling the kingdom on behalf of Shri Eklingji, displayed chivalry of the highest order since time immemorial.

No indigenous State in medieval India figured so prominently in the chequered annals of our land and played so valiant a role in resisting the aggressive expansion of the foreign Sultanate of Delhi (1206-1526) and its successor the Mughal Empire (1526-1803) as the Kingdom of Mewar.  There were to be sure a few examples of despair and defection, but the bulk of the nobility and common people stood by their rulers who, much less the alien Mughal Emperor.  

Bharat, the land of chivalry and knowledge systems has been the birthplace of fierce warriors since time immemorial. It was medieval India that saw the surge of Bravehearts who gained momentum after this sacred land, once blessed by the pious activities of Rishis and Karmyogis, came under the radar of barbaric Islamic invasions. Nevertheless, the tales of invasion, plunder and loot of India by foreign aggressors have witnessed the saga of defeat with the warriors of the soil at the rescue. The truth of the huge resistance offered and the victories won, men and women both defending the land of Bharat, has yet remained untold. History has been spectator to Indian dynasties whose entire lineage dedicated themselves to the cause of sovereignty and protection of their motherland. Mewar or the House of Mewar, is one such legacy that is not just attributed historically to be among the oldest living dynasties of the world, but also ascribed to limit the influence of the Islamic onslaught through their thousand-year uninterrupted war for Dharma. They counted no sacrifice as too great in defence of their liberty and honour and refused to bend their heads before anybody. In words of Historian A. L. Srivastava, no indigenous State in medieval India figured so prominently in the chequered annals of our land and played so valiant a role in resisting the aggressive expansion of the invading Arabs, the foreign Sultanate of Delhi and its successor the Mughal Empire (1526-1803) as the chivalrous Rajput kingdom of Mewar. [ref]  

Mewar produced a series of remarkable rulers. To name a few - Bappa Rawal, Khuman II, Jaitra Singh, Hammir Singh, Kumbha, Sanga, Pratap, Amar Singh and Raj Singh commanded unquestioned loyalty and enthusiastic co-operation of all sections of their people over a timeline of a thousand years.  


According to legend, Rajputs or the son of kings trace their origin to the Sun and the Moon god. Some families claim themselves to be Chandravanshis, the descendants of the Moon God through Lord Krishna, while others assert themselves as Suryavanshis, the descendants of the Sun God through Lord Rama. The ruling family of Mewar are senior representatives of the Suryavanshis, which explains the family crest portraying a blazing god sun against a crimson background. [ref]

For the last 1300 years, ‘the common thread of Custodianship’ of the Kingdom of Mewar runs through the Family. The Custodianship is a tremendous responsibility on the shoulders of the person who carries it. It is a responsibility, one carries for his Ruling deity, Parmeshwaraji Maharaj Shree Eklingnath ji, whom one represents in this world, and for the subjects of the ruler and the Kingdom of which he is the custodian.

In this case, the oath administered to Bappa Rawal in 734 CE by his Guru Mahrishi Harit Rashi that he will rule, as a Diwan of Shree Eklingnath ji, had to be adhered to by all the subsequent rulers of Mewar, without any exception. Fortunately, it has been so and the oath has been respected down the line until to date, by Shriji Arvind Singh Mewar since 1984. That common thread runs through the Mewar family.



Chittorgarh Fort is truly an embodiment of the chivalry and pride of the Rajputs. The fort has a long story of romance, courage, determination and sacrifice. A glimpse of the fort still makes one to think the glory of the Rajputs who once lived here. The imposing Fort boasts of well-designed palaces, magnificent cenotaphs and huge towers. The Fort of Chittorgarh has a colossal structure that is secured by its several strong gateways. Chittorgarh Fort is an acknowledgment to the courage of the gallant Rajput rulers who sacrificed their life combating dominant rivals instead of surrendering before them. The history of this majestic fort can be traced during the time of Khilji's. Chittorgarh Fort is said to have been the capital of the Gahlot and Sisodia kings who ruled Mewar between the eighth and the sixteenth century. The Fort was named after Chittrangad Maurya.

The fort was attacked three times and every time it got saved by the daring heroism of the Rajput warriors. In 1303, for the first time, this fort was attacked by Allaudin Khilji to fulfill his desire to make off with Rani Padmini. For the second time, the Fort was sacked by Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1535. In 1567, it was attacked for the last time by Mughal Emperor Akbar to conquer Maharana Udai Singh. Every time, a jauhar (mass suicide) was observed and the womenfolk of the Royalty never submitted themselves.

This colossal fort is accessible through seven huge gates (Pols) that are comprised of strong iron spikes and served as a watch tower in earlier times. The way to Chittorgarh Fort will take you through crisscross paths that would be interrupted at intervals by seven giant pols (gateways). The foremost gate you will come across is the 'Ram Pol' (the gate of Lord Rama) that has a temple in its vicinity. While climbing further, you would find two cenotaphs near Padal Pol. These cenotaphs are dedicated to Jaimal and Kala, who were killed by Akbar in the Third Siege of 1567. [ref]


Notable Rulers

Historical Wars

  • First Siege of Chittorgarh
  • Battle of Singoli
  • Battle of Bayana
  • Battle of Khanwa
  • Battle of Khatoli
  • Battle of Dholpur
  • Second Siege of Chittorgarh
  • Third Siege of Chittorgarh
  • Battle of Haldighati
  • First Battle of Dewair
  • Second Battle of Dewair
  • Battle of Udaipur [ref]

Eminent Women

  • Maharani Kurma Devi
  • Rathore Rani Hansa Bai
  • Maharani Padmini
  • Maharani Karmavati
  • Mirabai
  • Panna Dey
  • Hadi Rani
  • Chanchal Kumari [ref]

Valliant Warriors

  • Jaimal Rathore
  • Patta Chundawat
  • Isar Das Chauhan
  • Rawat Chundawat
  • Bhilu Maharana Rao Poonja
  • Pandit Chakrapani Mishra
  • Rawat Sai Das Chundawat
  • Thakur Dodiya Sanda
  • Rawat Saheb Khan Chauhan
  • Jhala Maan
  • Hakim Khan Suri
  • Gora and Badal 
  • Ramshah Tomar and sons
  • Seth Bhama Shah[ref]

Forts & Palaces

  • Kumbhalgarh
  • Sajjangarh
  • Ranthambore Fort
  • Udaipur City Palace
  • Jagmandir Palace
  • Gogunda Fort [ref]

Custodians of the House of Mewar




1 Guhaditya 566 CE
2 Bhoj 586 CE
3 Mahendra I 606 CE
4 Naag 626 CE - 646 CE
5 Shiladitya 646 CE - 661 CE
6 Aprajeet 661 CE - 688 CE
7 Mahendra II 688 CE - 734 CE
8 Maharaj Bappa Rawal (Kalbhoj) 734 CE - 753 CE
9 Rawal Khuman 753 CE - 773 CE
10 Rawal Mattut 773 CE - 793 CE
11 Rawal Bharatri Bhatt I 793 CE - 813 CE
12 Rawal Sinha 813 CE - 828 CE
13 Rawal Khuman II 828 CE - 853 CE
14 Rawal Mahayuk 853 CE - 878 CE
15 Rawal Khuman III 878 CE - 942 CE
16 Rawal Bharatri Bhatt II 942 CE - 943 CE
17 Rawal Allat 951 CE - 953 CE
18 Rawal Narwahan 971 CE - 973 CE
19 Rawal Shalivahan 973 CE - 977 CE
20 Rawal Shakti Kumar 977 CE - 993 CE
21 Rawal Amba Prasad 993 CE - 1007 CE
22 Rawal Suchi Varma 1007 CE - 1021 CE
23 Rawal Narvarma 1021 CE - 1035 CE
24 Rawal Kirti Varma 1035 CE - 1051 CE
25 Rawal Yograj 1051 CE - 1068 CE
26 Rawal Bairath 1068 CE - 1088 CE
27 Rawal Hanspal 1088 CE - 1103 CE
28 Rawal Vair Singh 1103 CE - 1107 CE
29 Rawal Vijai Singh 1107 CE - 1127 CE
30 Rawal Ari Singh 1127 CE - 1138 CE
31 Rawal Chaudh Singh 1138 CE - 1148 CE
32 Rawal Vikram Singh 1148 CE - 1158 CE
33 Rawal Ran Singh 1158 CE - 1168 CE
34 Rawal Kshem Singh 1168 CE - 1172 CE
35 Rawal Samant Singh 1172 CE - 1179 CE
36 Rawal Kumar Singh 1179 CE - 1191 CE
37 Rawal Manthan Singh 1191 CE - 1211 CE
38 Rawal Padam Singh 1211 CE - 1213 CE
39 Rawal Jetra Singh 1213 CE - 1253 CE
40 Rawal Tej Singh 1261 CE - 1267 CE
41 Rawal Samar Singh 1273 CE - 1302 CE
42 Rawal Ratan Singh 1303 CE
43 Maharana Hammir Singh 1326 CE -1364 CE
44 Maharana Kshetra Singh 1364 CE - 1382 CE
45 Maharana Lakha 1382 CE - 1421 CE
46 Maharana Mokal 1421 CE - 1433 CE
47 Maharana Kumbha 1433 CE - 1468 CE
48 Maharana Udai Singh (Rana Ooda) 1468 CE - 1473 CE
49 Maharana Raimal Singh 1473 CE - 1509 CE
50 Maharana Sanga (Maharana Sangram Singh) 1509 CE - 1527 CE
51 Maharana Ratan Singh II 1527 CE - 1531 CE
52 Maharana Vikramaditya 1531 CE - 1536 CE
53 Maharana Udai Singh II 1537 CE - 1572 CE
54 Maharana Pratap Singh 1572 CE - 1597 CE
55 Maharana Amar Singh 1597 CE - 1620 CE
56 Maharana Karan Singh 1620 CE - 1628 CE
57 Maharana Jagat Singh I 1628 CE - 1652 CE
58 Maharana Raj Singh 1653 CE - 1680 CE
59 Maharana Jai Singh 1680 CE - 1698 CE
60 Maharana Amar Singh II 1698 CE - 1710 CE
61 Maharana Sangram Singh II 1710 CE - 1734 CE
62 Maharana Jagat Singh II 1734 CE - 1751 CE
63 Maharana Pratap Singh II 1751 CE - 1754 CE
64 Maharana Raj Singh II 1754 CE - 1761 CE
65 Maharana Ari Singh II 1761 CE - 1773 CE
66 Maharana Hammir Singh II 1773 CE - 1778 CE
67 Maharana Bhim Singh 1778 CE - 1828 CE
68 Maharana Jawan Singh 1828 CE - 1838 CE
69 Maharana Sardar Singh 1838 CE - 1842 CE
70 Maharana Swarup Singh 1842 CE - 1861 CE
71 Maharana Shambhu Singh 1861 CE - 1874 CE
72 Maharana Sajjan Singh 1874 CE - 1884 CE
73 Maharana Fateh Singh 1884 CE - 1930 CE
74 Maharana Bhupal Singh

1930 CE - 1955 CE

1949 CE - 1955 CE (Titular)

75 Maharana Bhagwat Singh

1955 CE - 1971 CE (Titular)

1971 CE - 1984 CE (Contender)


Maharana Mahindra Singh Mewar (Claimed)

Maharana Arvind Singh Mewar (Claimed)

1984 - Present (Contender)

[ref] [ref]

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