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Swami Vivekananda was one of India's greatest spiritual teachers who is credited with the rejuvenation of the Hindu faith in India after centuries of medieval decline. His early association with Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa was proved to be essential in shaping his spiritual life. Swami Vivekananda represented Hinduism at the 1893 Worlds Parliament of Religions convened during the Worlds Columbian Exposition in Chicago. With his opening words, 'Sisters and brothers of America', he brought the crowd to its feet. Subsequently he was invited to speak all over America and Europe.
Lord Mahavir was the last and 24th Tirthankara of Jainism and is responsible for reordering the religion and introducing the Jain Sangha. Lord Mahavir considered men and women to be spiritual equals and that they both may renounce the world in search of Moksha. Lord Mahavir encouraged participation of people from all social standings, rich and poor, men and women, touchable and untouchable. The ultimate goal behind practicing the teachings of Lord Mahavira is to attain freedom from the cycle of rebirth as human life is representative of pain, misery and vices.
The Katarmal temple is situated on a lofty hill on the right bank of the River Kosi at a distance of approx 17 km from Almora preached at an elevation of 2, 116 metres above the sea level in the Almora district of Uttarakhand. This temple was constructed by king katarmalla of Katyuri dynasty in the 9 th century CE and from there it has got the name Katarmal and is a stunning example of Katyuri's rich history. There are about 50 subsidiary shrines of the late 7th to 8th century A.D clustered around the main temple. The significance of the temple is notable since it is the only important shrine dedicated to Surya in this part of the country (North India) while the other temple dedicated to lord Surya is the famous Konark temple in Odisha located in the eastern parts . The temple is locally known as the Bara Adit or the great Sun God.
Though many emperors in Indian history doubled up as adept warriors, few may match Samudra Gupta in his warrior instincts. Samudra Gupta's empire comprised nearly the whole of Northern India. During his reign, gold coins were minted and issued in large numbers. At one level, they highlight the sheer value of transactions being undertaken by the Guptas. However, it also offers deeper insights into the charismatic personality of Samudragupta. While some coins show him holding a battle axe keeping the legend of Kritarta in mind, others depict him performing the Ashvamedha sacrifice. The scale of achievements associated with Samudra Gupta, coupled with the profusion of gold coins that enter the archaeological record makes his reign the beginning of a Golden Age in Indian history.
Born on August 12, 1892 into a Telugu Niyogi family in the Tirunelveli district, K.A. Nilkanta Sastri pursued History from Hindu College, Tirunelveli. Later, secured an MA degree from the renowned Madras Christian College in 1913. From 1913 to 1918, he worked as a lecturer in the Hindu College, Tirunelveli. After a brief two-year stint as History professor in the newly-inaugurated Banaras Hindu University (BHU), he was appointed as Principal of Meenakshi College, Chidambaram. From 1929 to 1947, Sastri served the University of Madras as a Professor in Ancient Indian History and archaeology.
Through the span of these two decades, Sastri’s scholarship fetched him worldly acclaim. He became a veritable colossus in the study of South Indian history, and his reputation only enhanced after his retirement from the University of Delhi. He served as Professor of Indology in the University of Mysore from 1948 to 1956, and in 1953 was also invited to visit Malaya to oversee the development of the Department of Indian studies in the University of Malaya. In 1959, he was a Visiting Professor in the University of Chicago, USA. Taking note of his prolific contributions towards Indian history writing, Professor Sastri was awarded the prestigious Padma Bhushan in 1958.
Sastri wrote as many as 150 research papers and 22 books. He nurtured a deep interest in South Indian political history, and wrote extensively on the cultural ties between South India and South-east nations. In fact, he passed away in 1975 as an Honorary member of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society.
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