The RSS in Hyderabad Mukti Sangram





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The RSS in Hyderabad Mukti Sangram

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh has tirelessly been working on the principles of Rashtray Swaha Idam Na Mam, meaning my life is dedicated to the nation, it is not my own. During partition, Swayamsevaks laid down their lives while safeguarding women and children, and Hyderabad struggle was no exception.

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh has tirelessly been working on the principles of 'Rashtray Swaha Idam Na Mam' [(my life is) dedicated to the nation, it is not my own].

At the dawn of Indian independence, Sangh had completed 23 years of active nation-building endeavours. At that time, the propagation of Sangh was majorly spread across the northern part of India. The Sangha's branches were growing in Madhya Pradesh along with the J&K and Sindh region of India.

During the Indo-Pak division, many Swayamsevak of Sangh were martyred while safeguarding Indian women and children. It is a famous gospel that the strategic meet of the then Sarsanghchalak (Head) of RSS - Parampujya Shri Guruji and the king of Kashmir - Shri Harisingh led to the agreement of unifying Kashmir into the Indian territory. 

There was a challenge at the time of Independence as the state of Hyderabad came into being. The seventh Nizam - Mir Usman Ali Khan - ruled the province. The majority of the population was Hindu. The Monarch and his followers would oppress the citizens. Organisations like Razakar, Ittehadul Musalamin, Khaksar, Siddiqui were formed to dominate voices and opinions against the Monarch. Razakar was similar to a paramilitary organisation that had more force than the police.

Due to the problematic situations, Indian National Congress was not active in this region. No other organisation dared to work in Hyderabad. In that situation, the Sangh's scope of work remained restricted to Hyderabad and Varhad region borders only. 

When the Nizam tried to claim power over the Varhad region, a group of Sangh Swayamsevak bravely opposed the ruler. Many references to the Hyderabad liberation struggle could be found in the book by the active participant of the Hyderabad liberation movement, Shri D G Deshpande. He narrates an incident in 1938 in Nagpur. Vande Mataram Satyagraha was organised by Hindu Mahasabha. The then Sarsanghchalak of the Sangh - Dr Hedgewar - encouraged innumerable Karyakarta to participate in the movement actively and accompanied them till Arvi (the city in Wardha District). 

The then Rashtriya Swayamsevak Parampujya Shri Golwalkar Guruji advocated the idea of propagating public awareness regarding the unsettled condition of Hindus in Hyderabad. Shri D M Deshmukh and Shri D G Deshpande, who were already working in this direction, were suggested to conduct a symposium in the national interest to spread awareness about the Hyderabad situation. This endeavour led to an ideological revolution in the Varhad & Hyderabad region, gradually spreading across the nation. 

In the development camp of Akola, Shri Guruji honoured Shri D M Deshmukh and Shri D G Deshpande with golden words. He introduced them as the epitomes of Vande Mataram Satyagraha and Bhaganagar Nishastra Pratikar (Non-violent Opposition), and those who valiantly stood up to oppose the Monarchy of the Nizam. He also appealed to the youth to actively participate in the Bhaganagar Nishastra Pratikar in large numbers. 

Striving for National Interest with an Indomitable Spirit was the unified identity of all the Hindu Mahasabha Karykarta & Sangh Swayamsevak; there was no organisational or individual discord.  

The provision for all the Karyakarta of Washim Satyagraha was responsibly conducted by the group of Swayamsevak - Babasaheb Dhanagre Vakil, Krushnarao Deshpande vakil, Balasaheb Deshpande Vakil, Balasaheb Jatkar Vakil, Vayovrudd Annasaheb Dabir, Rukmanand Harishchandra Upakhya Abasaheb Deshpande, Risodkar Vakil, and many others. 

Similarly, many Swayamsevak of the Sangh helped various Hindu Mahasabha Karyakarta in Lonar, Elichpur, Paratwada and actively participated in non-violent movements. Among them were Dadasaheb Deshpande Pardikar, Managing Director of Elichpur Textile Mill - Nanasaheb Deshmukh, and the contemporary follower of Lokmanya Tilak - Balawantrao Babasaheb Deshmukh. 

Washim, Deolgao, Lonar were the places of stay & accommodation for the Satyagrahi of this region. They would gather at these places, be grouped as per their tasks, and leave for their respective destinations. This modus operandi was consistently carried out for all Satyagraha.

To reach their areas of operations, different Satyagrahi would be sent to Jintur & Parbhani via Talani-Bamani and to Aurangabad/Hyderabad via Deolgao-Vaghrul-Jalna. Some forces were unfailingly carrying out the tasks of safely taking all on-field Pracharak and Swayamsevak to the organisational base. Wardha, Chandrapur, and four other districts of the Varhad region witnessed the evergreen power of true patriotic activities. 

Countless Swayamsevak actively contributed to the Hyderabad Satyagraha under the indispensable leadership of Parampujya Dr Hedgewar and Parampujya Shri Guruji. Many among them went to prison fighting non-violently in the national interest, finely demonstrating the life mission - Rashtray Swaha

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