Maharana Sanga





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Maharana Sanga

Maharana Sangram Singh aka Maharana Sanga was the one of the greatest warriors of India, ruling from the Rajput kingdom of Mewar. Defeating the Delhi Sultan Ibrahim Lodi twice, he further set his expedition to pass on tremors to the army of the Mughal invader Babur.

Maharana Sangram Singh

Portrait of Maharana Sanga, Fateh Prakash Palace Museum, Chittorgarh

Portrait of Maharana Sanga, Fateh Prakash Palace Museum, Chittorgarh

ChildrenBhojraj, Maharana Vikramaditya, Maharana Ratan Singh II, Maharana Udai Singh II
DynastySisodia Rajputs of Mewar
Date of birth12th April 1482
FatherMaharana Raimal Singh
Daughter-in-Law Mirabai
MotherMaharani Ratan Kunwar
PredecessorMaharana Raimal Singh
SuccessorMaharana Ratan Singh II
Date of death30th January 1528
SpouseMaharani Karnavati


Maharana Sangram Singh popularly known as Maharana Sanga, was born on 12th April 1482. He was born to Rana Raimal and Ratan Kunwar. He was the eldest of the three brothers - the other two being Prithviraj and Jaimal.


In the early half of the sixteenth century, Maharana Raimal ruled over Mewar. He had three sons, Sanga, Prithviraj, and Jaimal, who always fought with one another. King Raimal always thought that the disunity between his sons can be ill-fated for the future of his kingdom. Rana Raimal’s wife, Ratan Kunwar asked him that why did all of his sons always quarrelled? And Rana Raimal told her that each of them wants to be my successor. Ratan Kunwar said that the throne should be given to Sanga because he is the eldest son. Then Rana Raimal replied that they all know that Sanga should be the heir but your brother, Surajmal sets them against one another. One day the brothers were once again quarrelling that who should be the successor, Surajmal their uncle came and told them that they should go to a holy person, Charani Devi, and ask her to predict that who will be the rightful person to sit on the throne after their father. They all mounted their horses and came to consult Charani Devi. When they reached the temple a priest told them to sit on three things. Sanga sat on a tiger skin mat and both Prithviraj and Jaimal sat on the chairs. When Charani Devi came she pointed at Sanga and told him to be destined to become the king. As soon as Prithiviraj listened to the verdict he ran and killed Surajmal and was coming to kill Sangram. When Sanga saw all this he thought that he should not involve himself with a fight with his brother and he won’t do bloodshed in a temple. He once again mounted on a horse and rode away, but an arrow struck his eye when he was riding the horse which was shot by Prithviraj, and his brother Jaimal was following him to kill him. When Sanga was tired and was not able to ride any further a tradesman, Veeda saw him and helped him and told his wife to lead the prince to his horse. When Jaimal came and asked Veeda about Sanga Veeda told him that he would give his life but not tell where he is. As Veeda was unarmed Jaimal killed him with only a single blow of his sword. Meanwhile, Sangram thought that he should not go to the capital city because Prithviraj was determined to take the throne. Sanga rode into the jungles and after few hours he saw some shepherds. The shepherds offered him a job. After few days he was fired and while grazing some sheep he saw two armed dacoits. When they both came towards him, they asked him that who he was and at the same time Sanga was thinking that he should join their group for some time so he gets some arms. Then Sanga was introduced to the chief of their gang, Karam Chand. Then Karam Chand introduced Sanga to his daughter. After some time Karam Chand’s daughter and Sanga fell in love. One day, Sanga and Karam Chand’s daughter were talking that they should marry and flee from the base of the Dacoits, meanwhile, maru one of the dacoits overheard their conversation and told their plan to Karam Chand. Then Karam Chand called Sanga in his cabin the next day and Sanga told Karam Chand that he wants to marry his daughter. A few days after the wedding of Karam Chand’s daughter and Sanga, Karam Chand said to Sanga that he should become the chief of the group but Sanga refused and told Karam Chand about himself. A few days later he went to Chittorgarh, and he met his father. Some months later Maharana Raimal died and Sanga became Maharana Sanga, the King of Mewar. [ref]

Battle of Khanwa

Years passed by and  Mewar reached its summit of prosperity under the reign of Maharana Sanga. Meanwhile, Babur a king from modern-day Uzbekistan was making plans to become the master of Delhi. In April 1526, Babur attacked the sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi who was defeated and killed by Babur himself. Babur soon started his preparations to attack the capital of Mewar, Chittorgarh. When the news came to Maharana Sanga he made an alliance with Mahmud Lodi. Soon after the alliance was formed Maharana Sanga attacked the fort of Bayana which was in the control of Babur during that time. In March 1527 Babur attacked Khanwa. He lost the first day of the battle even though many troops were sent to capture the fort. On the second day of the battle, Babur gave a motivational speech to his fellow soldiers and vowed that he would not drink wine. He also sent a letter for peace but Maharana Sanga said that he will only accept the peace offer when it will be on their terms. Babur refused the terms and started conspiring against Maharana Sangram Singh. He turned the person who came to tell the terms of the Maharana, Shiladitya. Shiladitya was also the person who was going to lead the main force of Maharana Sanga because the Maharana was going to lead the rear attack force. When they came to attack the forces of Babur, Shiladitya merged his forces with Babur and started marching forward to Chittorgarh.


After Maharana Sanga saw this he felt very betrayed and he went to the forests. As soon as entered the forests he sworn that he would not enter the fort of  Chittorgarh until he vanquishes the Mughals. When he was in the forest he became seriously ill, he had become bedridden and he died a few months later on 30th January 1528 in a village called Vaswa in the forests. [ref]

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