The 1857 war of independence against cruel british rule was fought for the greater than life principles. The fear of greased cartridges and the annexation of Oudh were only temporary and accidental causes. These great principles for which the war was fought were Swadharma and Swaraj. In the thundering roar of Swarajya, which rose to protect religion, when there were evident signs of a cunning, dangerous, and destructive attack on religion dearer than life, and in the terrific blows dealt at the chain of slavery with the holy desire of acquiring Swaraj, when it was evident that chains of political slavery had been put round them and their God-given liberty wrested away by subtle tricks- in these two, lies the root-principle of the Revolutionary War.[ref]
Colonel George Bruce Malleson, an English officer in India says:
In this lesser sense, then, and in this only, did the cartridges produce the mutiny. They were instruments used by the conspirators, and those conspirators were successful in their use of the instruments only because, in the manner I have endeavoured to point out, the mind of the Sepoys and of certain sections of the population had been prepared to believe every act testifying bad faith on the part of their foreign masters.
Soon after the sudden death of Rani Laxmibai's husband in 1853, the English annexed Jhansi. But Jhansi was not a state which could be annexed by mere word or letter. Rani Laxmibai refused annexation! From her proud heart, seeing this low and heartless cunning of the English, pealed forth the thunders born of injured pride and a sense of honour, and through these the lightning of Jhansi declared, Give up my Jhansi ? I will not ! Let him try to take who dares !! Meri Jhansi doongi nahin!!![ref]
Shrimant Nana Saheb Peshwa
Shrimant Nana Saheb Peshwa of Kanpur played a key role in designing the war of independence. For months, for years indeed, he had been spreading their network of intrigues all over the country. From one native court to another, from one extremity to another of the great continent of India, the agents of the Nana Sahib had passed with overtures and invitations discreetly, perhaps mysteriously, worded to princes and chief of different races and religions, but most hopefully of all to the Mahrattas.[ref]